10th June 2011,
The industry insiders said that overseas families wishing to adopt a
Chinese child almost always make donations to the welfare home, leading
homes to put up more children for adoption and resort to illegal
practices to find more children, Xinhua reported.
An agreement prepared by the adoption center of Nanchang City, capital
of east China's Jiangxi Province, has a clause mentioning voluntary
The amount suggested is 35,000 yuan (US$5,405), an unnamed insider told
The Beijing News yesterday.
Fu Yuechan, director of the adoption center, admitted the mention of a
donation but said the amount "could be negotiable."
The donation was part of the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption,
an international agreement between participating countries on best
procedures, Fu said.
Asked of the welfare home "selling" children for profit, Fu
said the donation was used to cover the expense of raising them, the
Under Hague Convention and China's Adoption Law, adoptive parents are
not required to make donations and it is strictly prohibited for anyone
to exploit the process for profit, the report said.
Tan Mingzhu, Party secretary of the Nanchang Welfare Home, told The
Beijing News that it didn't profit from donations, which went to a
special account managed by the Nanchang finance bureau.
But the newspaper found some welfare homes, eager to make money,
resorted to criminality in their search for children to put up for
A welfare home in Hengyang City in the central Hunan Province once
ordered every employee to find three children in a year who could be
adopted. They only received their salary and bonus once the quota was
filled, the Southern Metropolis Daily reported earlier.
In 1996, the Ministry of Public Security issued a notice imposing
stringent measures to screen the identities of each child before issuing
passports, according to the report. But some welfare homes had been
forging certificates to make trafficked children appear legally
available for adoption.
In 2005, six welfare homes in Hengyang falsified documents for
trafficked children and claimed they had been abandoned, Hong Kong-based
Phoenix Weekly reported.
The governments of some property-stricken areas see the donations as a
major source of income and encourage welfare homes to send more children
for international adoption, an unnamed insider told The Beijing News.
Officials with the family planning authority in Hunan were said to have
taken away babies from families who fell foul of family planning rules
and put them up for adoption, New Century Weekly reported in May.
China is one of the biggest source countries for international adoption.
The relatively easy procedure has attracted many foreign families.
Some 120,000 Chinese children have been adopted by families in the
United States since 1992.
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